Step 2 - Construct the query
Yahoo offers a REST interface to handle the conversion so we can use either a plain HTTP GET request, or if you want to do it inside of a script that is doing many other things you can use CURL, a set of very useful functions for querying and "scraping" web pages and applications.
We must construct the url according to the api guidelines, which boils down to something like this:
$url = "http://local.yahooapis.com/MapsService/V1/geocode"; $args = "?appid=your_key_"; $args .= "&street=" . urlencode(street_address); //We must urlencode variables that will have spaces/etc $args .= "&city=" . urlencode(city); $args .= "&state=" . state; $args .= "&output=php"; //Optional parameter to return a php object $url = $url . $args;
The code above basically asks yahoo to use the current key to return the latitude and longitude as a serialized php object (the other option is xml, but I don't like parsing it).
Step 3 - Send the query
Sending the query via CURL works something like this:
$ch = curl_init(); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 5000); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true); $address_data = unserialize(curl_exec($ch)); curl_close($ch);
The script is doing the following:
- Initializing a CURL object.
- Setting the timeout to 5 seconds.
- Setting the url to query.
- Setting CURL to return the results to a variable rather than displaying it to the screen.
- Reading the results, unserializing them, and storing the results in our $address_data object, which is really just a bunch of nested arrays.
Step 4 - Get the latitude and longitude
You can retrieve the latitude and longitude this way:
$latitude = $address_data['ResultSet']['Result']['Latitude']; $longitude = $address_data['ResultSet']['Result']['Longitude'];
That's all there is to it.